This function is deprecated. Please see ar for the new syntax. This function is a constructor for the cor_arma class, allowing for autoregression terms only.

cor_ar(formula = ~1, p = 1, cov = FALSE)



A one sided formula of the form ~ t, or ~ t | g, specifying a time covariate t and, optionally, a grouping factor g. A covariate for this correlation structure must be integer valued. When a grouping factor is present in formula, the correlation structure is assumed to apply only to observations within the same grouping level; observations with different grouping levels are assumed to be uncorrelated. Defaults to ~ 1, which corresponds to using the order of the observations in the data as a covariate, and no groups.


A non-negative integer specifying the autoregressive (AR) order of the ARMA structure. Default is 1.


A flag indicating whether ARMA effects should be estimated by means of residual covariance matrices. This is currently only possible for stationary ARMA effects of order 1. If the model family does not have natural residuals, latent residuals are added automatically. If FALSE (the default) a regression formulation is used that is considerably faster and allows for ARMA effects of order higher than 1 but is only available for gaussian models and some of its generalizations.


An object of class cor_arma containing solely autoregression terms.


AR refers to autoregressive effects of residuals, which is what is typically understood as autoregressive effects. However, one may also model autoregressive effects of the response variable, which is called ARR in brms.

See also


cor_ar(~visit|patient, p = 2)
#> arma(~visit | patient, 2, 0)