Perform approximate leave-one-out cross-validation based on the posterior likelihood using the loo package. For more details see loo.

# S3 method for brmsfit
  compare = TRUE,
  resp = NULL,
  pointwise = FALSE,
  moment_match = FALSE,
  reloo = FALSE,
  k_threshold = 0.7,
  save_psis = FALSE,
  moment_match_args = list(),
  reloo_args = list(),
  model_names = NULL



A brmsfit object.


More brmsfit objects or further arguments passed to the underlying post-processing functions. In particular, see prepare_predictions for further supported arguments.


A flag indicating if the information criteria of the models should be compared to each other via loo_compare.


Optional names of response variables. If specified, predictions are performed only for the specified response variables.


A flag indicating whether to compute the full log-likelihood matrix at once or separately for each observation. The latter approach is usually considerably slower but requires much less working memory. Accordingly, if one runs into memory issues, pointwise = TRUE is the way to go.


Logical; Indicate whether loo_moment_match should be applied on problematic observations. Defaults to FALSE. For most models, moment matching will only work if you have set save_pars = save_pars(all = TRUE) when fitting the model with brm. See loo_moment_match.brmsfit for more details.


Logical; Indicate whether reloo should be applied on problematic observations. Defaults to FALSE.


The Pareto \(k\) threshold for which observations loo_moment_match or reloo is applied if argument moment_match or reloo is TRUE. Defaults to 0.7. See pareto_k_ids for more details.


Should the "psis" object created internally be saved in the returned object? For more details see loo.


Optional list of additional arguments passed to loo_moment_match.


Optional list of additional arguments passed to reloo.


If NULL (the default) will use model names derived from deparsing the call. Otherwise will use the passed values as model names.


If just one object is provided, an object of class loo. If multiple objects are provided, an object of class loolist.


See loo_compare for details on model comparisons. For brmsfit objects, LOO is an alias of loo. Use method add_criterion to store information criteria in the fitted model object for later usage.


Vehtari, A., Gelman, A., & Gabry J. (2016). Practical Bayesian model evaluation using leave-one-out cross-validation and WAIC. In Statistics and Computing, doi:10.1007/s11222-016-9696-4. arXiv preprint arXiv:1507.04544.

Gelman, A., Hwang, J., & Vehtari, A. (2014). Understanding predictive information criteria for Bayesian models. Statistics and Computing, 24, 997-1016.

Watanabe, S. (2010). Asymptotic equivalence of Bayes cross validation and widely applicable information criterion in singular learning theory. The Journal of Machine Learning Research, 11, 3571-3594.


if (FALSE) {
# model with population-level effects only
fit1 <- brm(rating ~ treat + period + carry,
            data = inhaler)
(loo1 <- loo(fit1))

# model with an additional varying intercept for subjects
fit2 <- brm(rating ~ treat + period + carry + (1|subject),
            data = inhaler)
(loo2 <- loo(fit2))

# compare both models
loo_compare(loo1, loo2)