Moment matching for efficient approximate leave-one-out cross-validation (LOO-CV). See loo_moment_match for more details.

# S3 method for brmsfit
  k_threshold = 0.7,
  newdata = NULL,
  resp = NULL,
  check = TRUE,
  recompile = FALSE,



An object of class brmsfit.


An object of class loo originally created from x.


The Pareto \(k\) threshold for which observations moment matching is applied. Defaults to 0.7. See pareto_k_ids for more details.


An optional data.frame for which to evaluate predictions. If NULL (default), the original data of the model is used. NA values within factors are interpreted as if all dummy variables of this factor are zero. This allows, for instance, to make predictions of the grand mean when using sum coding.


Optional names of response variables. If specified, predictions are performed only for the specified response variables.


Logical; If TRUE (the default), some checks check are performed if the loo object was generated from the brmsfit object passed to argument fit.


Logical, indicating whether the Stan model should be recompiled. This may be necessary if you are running moment matching on another machine than the one used to fit the model. No recompilation is done by default.


Further arguments passed to the underlying methods. Additional arguments initially passed to loo, for example, newdata or resp need to be passed again to loo_moment_match in order for the latter to work correctly.


An updated object of class loo.


The moment matching algorithm requires draws of all variables defined in Stan's parameters block to be saved. Otherwise loo_moment_match cannot be computed. Thus, please set save_pars = save_pars(all = TRUE) in the call to brm, if you are planning to apply loo_moment_match to your models.


Paananen, T., Piironen, J., Buerkner, P.-C., Vehtari, A. (2021). Implicitly Adaptive Importance Sampling. Statistics and Computing.


if (FALSE) {
fit1 <- brm(count ~ zAge + zBase * Trt + (1|patient),
            data = epilepsy, family = poisson(),
            save_pars = save_pars(all = TRUE))

# throws warning about some pareto k estimates being too high
(loo1 <- loo(fit1))
(mmloo1 <- loo_moment_match(fit1, loo = loo1))